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Title: Architectural Digital Photogrammetry
Other Titles: Panoramic Image-Based Interactive Modelling
Tutor: Paris, Leonardo
Keywords: Photogrammetry
Spherical panorama
interactive modelling
Issue Date: Dec-2011
Abstract: This study is to exploit texturing techniques of a common modelling software in the way of creating virtual models of an exist architectures using oriented panoramas. In this research, The panoramic image-based interactive modelling is introduced as assembly point of photography, topography, photogrammetry and modelling techniques. It is an interactive system for generating photorealistic, textured 3D models of architectural structures and urban scenes. The technique is suitable for the architectural survey because it is not a «point by point» survey, and it exploit the geometrical constraints in the architecture to simplify modelling. Many factors are presented to be critical features that affect the modelling quality and accuracy, such as the way and the position in shooting the photos, stitching the multi-image panorama photos, the orientation, texturing techniques and so on. During the last few years, many Image-based modelling programmes have been released. Whereas, in this research, the photo modelling programs was not in use, it meant to face the fundamentals of the photogrammetry and to go beyond the limitations of such software by avoiding the automatism. In addition, it meant to exploit the potent commands of a program as 3DsMax to obtain the final representation of the Architecture. Such representation can be used in different fields (from detailed architectural survey to an architectural representation in cinema and video games), considering the accuracy and the quality which they are vary too. After the theoretical studies of this technique, it was applied in four applications to different types of close range surveys. This practice allowed to comprehend the practical problems in the whole process (from photographing all the way to modelling) and to propose the methods in the ways to improve it and to avoid any complications. It was compared with the laser scanning to study the accuracy of this technique. Thus, it is realized that not only the accuracy of this technique is linked to the size of the surveyed object, but also the size changes the way in which the survey to be approached. Since the 3D modelling program is not dedicated to be used for the image-based modelling, texturing problems was faced. It was analyzed in: how the program can behave with the Bitmap, how to project it, how it could be an interactive projection, and what are the limitations.
Research interests: Photogrammetry, Descriptive geometry, 3D laser Scanning.
Personal skills keywords: 3D modelling
Computer graphics

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