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Title: A radargrammetric model for high resolution SAR imagery
Other Titles: A radargrammetric orientation model for digital surface models generation from Synthetic Aperture Radar high resolution imagery: applications with Cosmo-SkyMed and TerraSar-X
Tutor: Crespi, Mattia Giovanni
Keywords: Radargrammetry
Digital Surface Model
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2012
Abstract: Digital Surface and Terrain Models (DSMs/DTMs) have large relevance in some territorial applications, such as topographic mapping, spatial and temporal change detection, feature extraction and data visualization. DSMs/DTMs extraction from satellite stereo pair offers some advantages, among which low cost, speed of data acquisition and processing, surveys of critical areas, easy monitoring of wide areas, availability of several commercial software and algorithms for data processing. In particular, the DSMs generation from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery offers the significant advantage of possible data acquisition during the night and in presence of clouds. The availability of new high resolution SAR spaceborne sensors as COSMO-SkyMed (Italian), TerraSAR-X (German) and RADARSAT-2 (Canadian) offers new interesting potentialities for the acquisition of data useful for the generation of DSMs following the radargrammetric approach, based at least on a couple of images of the same area acquired from two different points of view as for the standard photogrammetry applied to optical imagery. The aim of this work was the development and the implementation of an original rigorous radargrammetric model for the orientation of SAR imagery, suited for the subsequent DSM generation. The model performs a 3D orientation based on two range and two zero-Doppler equations starting from SAR stereo pairs in slant range and zero-Doppler projection, acquired in SpotLight mode, that is at the highest resolution presently available (1 m ground resolution). The model has been implemented in SISAR (Software per Immagini Satellitari ad Alta Risoluzione), a scientific software developed at Geodesy and Geomatic Institute of the University of Rome “La Sapienza”. This software was at first devoted to the orientation of high resolution optical imagery, and in the last year it has been extended also to SAR imagery. Moreover a tool for the SAR Rational Polynomial Coefficients (RPCs) generation has been implemented in SISAR software, similarly to the one already developed for the optical sensors. The possibility to generate RPCs starting from a rigorous model sounds of particular interest since, at present, the most part of SAR imagery is not supplied with RPCs, although the Rational Polynomial Functions (RPFs) model is available in several commercial software. The RPCs can be an useful tool in place of the rigorous model in processes as the image orthorectification/geocoding or the DSMs generation, since the RPFs model is very simple and fast to be applied. The model implemented has been tested on COSMO-SkyMed and on TerraSAR-X SpotLight imagery, showing that a vertical accuracy at level of better than 3 m is achievable even with quite few Ground Control Points.
Research interests: SAR and Optical Satellite imagery, Digital Surface Models, GPS, Topography and Cartography
Skills short description: Management of high resolution optical and SAR satellite imagery (as image orientation, Digital Surface Model generation); development of scientific software; knowledge of GIS system, database structure and main operations on geographical database; topographic surveys; scientific publication writing; presentation in workshops and conferences.
Personal skills keywords: Coding in C++, IDL
SAR and Optical Satellite imagery processing
remote sensing and geospatial data management
GIS Sotfware

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