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|Title: ||La guerra russo-giapponese (1904-1905) attraverso le testimonianze dei corrispondenti della stampa e degli addetti militari italiani|
|Authors: ||CRESCENZI, ANDREA|
|Tutor: ||Biagini, Antonello|
|Issue Date: ||18-Jan-2012|
|Abstract: ||The work focuses on the Russo-Japanese war, and intends to attempt to achieve a
synthesis between the technical military aspects and those concerning with the political,
economic, administrative and social reality-in the period between the late ‘800 and early
new century-of Russia and Japan as those directly involved in the conflict, and China,
as holder of the territorial and colonial interests of contention. This study is, therefore,
an attempt at innovation, as it wants to propose an organic reading of two integrated and
inextricably linked realities yet treated, almost always, separately.
Overall, the examination of archival documents and literature (also derived from other
scientific fields than military historiography, such as the history of photography, of
narrative, or of mass communication) has confirmed the initial assumptions. The
admission into the search for “enrichments” relating to different conflicts and
disciplinary areas, has been the subject of long consideration, not wanting to slip into
digressions that lead the development of the work away from the initial intent. It is
therefore conducted in a supervised way, strictly maintained in the channel of the topic
and, ultimately, subordinate to purposes of functionality.
In the selection and analysis of primary sources, the report on the Anglo Boer War of
Major Domenico Gentilini has proved to be of particular interest. It was therefore
decided to place it in cross-sectional connection with the almost contemporary Russo-
Japanese war. Despite the profound differences of structure, of context, techniques and
of conduct of military operations, the substantial comparative insights help to highlight
peculiar aspects and critical issues of the conflict protagonist of this study.
With regard, however, sources and literature “borrowed” from the history of
photography, from narrative and from social sciences, they complete the reference
framework of research and, in some cases, provide data to submit to analysis (think of
the visual and literary materials, both for official propaganda, and for personal use,
related to the Russo-Japanese War).
The general structure imposed to the work, is structured into four chapters. The first,
after an introductory part, addresses the historical and political background of the
conflict. In the first three paragraphs (on China, on Russia and on Japan) we set out to
outline the historical, political, economic and social situation of the countries under
review, in order to provide the necessary elements to understand the causes that led to
conflict. These last are examined in more detail in the fourth paragraph. The technical
military aspects are developed in the fifth, sixth and seventh paragraph, which
examines: the location, the number and types of forces in the field; the weapons, the
strategies and the tactics used during the conflict; the strategic planning on conduct of
the military operations by the General Staffs of the belligerent powers. The eighth
paragraph, finally, is dedicated to a brief excursus at the visual and literary materials
used for propaganda purposes. I considered that, in examining all aspects of the conflict,
it was necessary one, although brief, verification on what I have called the war of
images, since representations of other nations produced by a Country are largely
instrumental in mobilizing the public opinion, and take on such importance that cannot
be neglected in considering the system of the balances of international relations.
The second chapter focuses exclusively on military operations, both ground and
maritime. According to the chronological order of the conflict. In the first analysis the
ground one, to pass then to the maritime one through the major battles that have
characterized it and with particular attention to the strategic and tactical aspects and to
the use of new technologies of war.
The third chapter examines the activities of the Italian press officer (Luigi Barzini), the
Italian military officers (Filippo Camperio and Enrico Caviglia), and the military
officer at the Italian Embassy at St. Petersburg (Paolo Ruggeri Laderchi), in order to
better understand the important political implications, through the War reports, the
memoranda, or the military-diplomatic correspondence with the Italian General Staff.
Those documents have been reported, selected in their most intense and significant
parts, compared and discussed.
The fourth chapter contains the conclusions.|
|Appears in PhD:||STORIA DELL'EUROPA|
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|Tesi di Dottorato - A. A. 2010-2011 - Dr. Andrea Crescenzi - La Guerra russo-giapponese (1904-1905) attraverso le testimonianze dei corrispondenti della stampa e degli addetti militari.pdf||1.41 MB||Adobe PDF|
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