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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10805/2253

Title: Multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and isotopomer distribution analysis applied to metabolic phenotype characterization of complex systems
Authors: GORIETTI, DANIELA
Tutor: DELFINI, MAURIZIO
MICCHELI, ALFREDO
Keywords: NMR
METABOLOMICS
FLUX ANALYSIS
YEASTS
Issue Date: 10-Jan-2014
Abstract: In the present work, the complex metabolic effects of a rag8 genetic mutation performed on Kluyveromyces lactis yeast cells is investigated with a specific, ‘information-rich’ analytical approach: differential NMR metabolomics. The use of such NMR-based metabolite profiling techniques form the basis for intelligent screening strategies to exploit the biotechnological potentials of yeasts because the rational improvement of K. lactis strains for the production of primary and secondary metabolites requires, first of all, a quantitative understanding of their metabolism, allowing the development of more efficient cell factories through metabolic engineering. Wild-type and mutant cell lines metabolomes are compared each other: through the application of multivariate statistical models a metabolic network is built on statistical basis, describing the metabolite phenotype of the rag8 mutant K. lactis strain. However, the measurement and interpretation of such in vivo metabolite dynamics at a systems level is inherently difficult. Indeed, decipher the intricate web of metabolic networks of a complex system and, particularly, infer something about gene functions only based on metabolite profiling, is one of the greatest challenges in molecular biology which cannot be resolved fully by any metabolomic tool. To resolve and improve the metabolic network description, an extension of the 13C labeling protocol for investigating eukaryotic cellular systems is applied in this work. The resulting labeling pattern of each metabolite reflects the relative importance of the alternative pathways within the metabolic network. This observation underscores the need for acquiring 13C-isotopomer data, instead of just steady-state concentrations, to deduce meaningful relationships between metabolites in related pathways. It was displayed that differential 13C-labeled isotopomer profiles and abundance can serve as a fingerprint of the metabolic networks activity and could reflects both qualitative and quantitative differences in the metabolic pathways that lead to the synthesis of each metabolite. In this way, the role of several metabolic processes could be defined, allowing the exploration of metabolic pathways, leading to qualitative information on the links between labeled precursors and their products and quantitative information on metabolic fluxes. It was demonstrated that in yeasts it has been possible to make significant progress in the analysis of carbon metabolism by using 13C NMR to measure metabolic fluxes in genetically modified cells. This approach, so, can be used for functional genomic analysis of yeast mutants providing detailed quantitative information for the understanding of a biological network useful to identify the key genes for strain improvement. Moreover, an intelligent screening of the large unexploited fungal biodiversity opens the possibility to the development and use of directed genetic modifications of cell factories for the production of novel compounds, that are otherwise difficult to produce by chemical synthesis, and also of new, efficient and environmentally friendly bioprocesses. These possibilities open the way to many comparative functional studies and will certainly change the respective importance of the different yeasts, building up new model yeasts for specific studies.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10805/2253
Research interests: NMR, systems biology, metabolomics, 13C-NMR flux analysis
Personal skills keywords: NMR
chemistry
Appears in PhD:SCIENZE CHIMICHE

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Bibliography.pdfBibliography180.97 kBAdobe PDF
6_Conclusions.pdfConclusions108.48 kBAdobe PDF
5_Results and Discussion.pdfResults and discussion2.04 MBAdobe PDF
4_Materials and Methods.pdfMaterials and methods560.42 kBAdobe PDF
3_Work strategy.pdfWork strategy347.81 kBAdobe PDF
2_Purpose of the work.pdfPurpose of the work105.87 kBAdobe PDF
1_Introduction.pdfIntroduction451.96 kBAdobe PDF
Contents.pdfContents58.18 kBAdobe PDF
Title.pdfTitle54.31 kBAdobe PDF

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