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Pubblicazioni Aperte DIgitali Sapienza > CENTRO DI RICERCA SULLE TECNOLOGIE PER L'AMBIENTE [disattivato] > SCIENZE APPLICATE PER LA PROTEZIONE DELL'AMBIENTE E DEI BENI CULTURALI >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10805/2402

Title: An innovative method to select a suitable fraction for mortar 14C dating: the Cryo2SoniC protocol.
Other Titles: Un metodo innovativo per la selezione di una frazione ideale per la datazione delle malte tramite 14C: il protocollo Cryo2SoniC
Authors: NONNI, SARA
Tutor: TERRASI, FILIPPO
MARZAIOLI, FABIO
MIGNARDI, SILVANO
Keywords: RADIOCARBON
MORTAR
ARCHAEOMETRY
DATING
AMS
MICROSCOPY
PETROGRAPHY
SEM
CATHODOLUMINESCENCE
FTIR
XRD
Issue Date: 3-Mar-2014
Abstract: To date, mortar radiocarbon (14C) dating represents one of the main “open issues” involving the whole radiocarbon community because, after about 50 years of experimentation, the possibility to evaluate absolute chronologies for these artifact by radiocarbon remains still uncertain. This work describes i) the development of a new methodology, called Cryo2SoniC, aimed to select a fraction of mortars recording the time of setting, ii) the evaluation of Cryo2SoniC main drawbacks and successes, when it is applied on archaeological mortar. The proposed method is based upon a physical procedure (ultrasonication) isolating only the binder calcite formed by means of the absorption of atmospheric CO2 during the mortar setting. Proposed procedure was tested, at first, on a series of synthetic mortars produced in the laboratory and lime lumps, using a first version of the separation method (i.e. CryoSoniC) and then applying the ungraded version, Cryo2SoniC, on a series of archeological samples from different important historic monuments and excavations. All measured radiocarbon ages were compared with their chronological reference allowing accuracy evaluation. Radiocarbon dating was performed on the selected fractions using high-precision (i.e. 0.3% prescision) Accelerator Mass Spectroscometry (AMS). Mineralogical investigations for mortar charcterization were performed on original mortars by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) of powders, observations of thin section with Optical Microscopy (OM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). An inter-comparison exercise has been performed between CIRCE and the Poznan Radiocarbon Laboratory to verify the efficiency of different separation methods (Cryo2SoniC vs stepped digestion) performed on the same samples. InfraRed Fourier Transformed Spectroscopy (FTIR), SEM and ChatodoLuminescence (CL) analyses were performed to verify eventual dead carbon contamination affecting Cyo2SoniC produced fractions and consequentially develop a diagnostic tool i) to gather information about observed pitfalls of the methodology ii) to preliminarly predict the quality of CryoSoniC isolated fractions. Final balance of this research is the reliability and efficiency of the Cryo2SoniC method on a widespread spectra of mortar typologies, highlighting its weak points and suggesting alternative solutions such as the purification of lime lumps incased in mortars.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10805/2402
Research interests: ARCHAEOMETRY, MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION, MATERIAL SCIENCE, PHYSIC applied ON CULTURAL HERITAGE, PETROGRAPHY CHARACTERIZATION, RADIOCARBON DATING
Appears in PhD:SCIENZE APPLICATE PER LA PROTEZIONE DELL'AMBIENTE E DEI BENI CULTURALI

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